Monday, July 27, 2009

How to make EM FPE (Fermented Plant extract)

EM FPE is made from fresh weeds and plants with EM. Therefore, EMFPE contains organic acids, bioactive substances, minerals and other useful organic compounds which are produced or extracted from plants through fermentation process.

EM FPE is mainly used as a plant activator. In the case one puts the weeds, which have strong smell and substance, such as neem leaf to prevent the disease and insects. One expects FPE as organic pesticides.

Material For 20L

Fresh weeds(chopped) 14 liters(2-3kg)

Clean water 14 liters

Molasses 420ml(3% of water volume)

EM1 420ml(3% of water volume)

Plastic drum or bucket 20L

Process of preparation

1. Chop freshly harvested weeds into small (2-5cm) pieces and place in container.

2. Mix EM and molasses in water and add to weeds in container.

3. Cover container with black polythene or vinyl.

4. Place lid of container on top of the block cover and place some weights on it.

Avoid having space between the liquid and cover (i.e. container must be full).

5. Store the container in a warm place. (Ideally 20℃ to 35℃), away from direct sunlight.

6. Fermentation is initiated and gas is generated within 2-5 days. This depends on the ambient temperatures.

7. Stir the liquid in container regularly to release gases.

8. EM FPE is ready to use, 7-14 days after preparing it. When the pH of the solution drops below 4.0(ideally it has a pH around 3.5) and when it has a sweet –sour smell.

Pour the prepared EM FPE into plastic bottles after removing weeds by filteration.

How to make EM5

EM5 is a version of EMAS. It contains esters formed by mixing acetic acid and alchol. EM5 is mainly used to prevent pest and disease problems in crops. Besides, it is also effective to control odor in animal husbandry.

Materials For 1,000ml

Clean water 600ml

Molasses 100ml

Vinegar*1 100ml

Distilled spirits*2 100ml

EM1 100ml

Process of preparation

1. Blend the molasses with water, ensuring complete dilution. If required warm water could be used to hasten the process of dilution.

2. Add vinegar and spirits, followed by EM1.

3. Pour the mixed solution into a container, which can be closed tightly. Close the lid tightly, removing excess air, to develop anaerobic conditions. The chopped vegetable material could be added to this container. (Please note- Glass containers should not be used in the tropics)

4. Store in a warm place.(20-30) place, away from direct sunlight.

5. Release gas at regular intervals by partially opening the container and closing it again within a short time.

6. This solution is ready for use when the pH drops below 4.0 which take approximately 10-15 days.

newspaper article (Chinese)

If you can read Chinese, please check the article below.
These are also the article of " One million mud ball event" from Penang Malaysia.

So active..



All for cleaner rivers

This is the newspaper article on EM event in Penang from The Star, July 23, 2009.

ONE million Effective Microorganisms (EM) mudballs will be thrown into polluted rivers in Penang on Aug 8 in a move to resuscitate aquatic life.

State Youth, Sports, Women, Family and Community Develop-ment Committee chairman Lydia Ong Kok Fooi said the production of the one million mudballs would set a world record.

“We need to save our environment together, both the government and the people.

“Our efforts will definitely bring a change to the world we all share,” she said after taking part in a workshop which produced over 20,000 mudballs at the Penang Municipal Youth Park.

For more information :
All for cleaner rivers

EM in Penang

One million apologies to mother earth (EM event in Penang, Malaysia)

The State of Penang is a hotbed of EM activities, especially in environmental management, using the technology of Effective Microorganisms for cleaning rivers!!

The Penang Government Institute for Environmental management (PGI-EM) is thus launching an environmental bioremediation project and awareness campaign called “One Million Apologies to Mother Earth” on 8th August, 2009. This is based on a demonstration project carried with the Kelian River of the State of Penang, with EM. The result has been amazing – where the use of EM has cleared the sludge built up over 50 years in just 3 months!!

The event is on 8th August 2009 – and the Guest speaker will be Prof. Dr Teruo Higa, the founder of EM technology.

For more information:
Charity Events ((hunza group)


If you are intending to attend, please contact the following:


No.8, Jalan Kemajuan, Batu 24,

Taman Industri Kota Tinggi,

81900 Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia

(Tel) 607-8828997

(Fax) 607-8824997

(Left): December 2008/ (Right):July 2009

No.8, Jala
n Kemajuan, Batu 24,
Taman Industri Kota Tinggi,
0 Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia
(Tel) 607-8828997

Cleaning rivers with mudballs

The article below is from THE BRUNEI TIMES (26 July, 2009)

ONE million Effective Microorganisms (EM) mudballs will be thrown into polluted rivers in Penang on August 8 in a move to resuscitate aquatic life.

State Youth, Sports, Women, Family and Community Development Committee chairman Lydia Ong Kok Fooi said the production of the one million mudballs would set a world record.

For more information :


Sunday, July 26, 2009

International workshop July 2009

The International workshop of APNAN was held this week…. From 21 – 24 July at Sara Buri. There were 25 participants from 7 nations, namely Hong Kong, New Zealand, India, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Bhutan. The program was changed this time to provide more interactions and practical experiences. The survey at the end showed that most participants were very happy about our workshop
Dear friends, please note – The next workshop will be in February 2010.


ONE million Effective Microorganisms (EM) mudballs will be thrown into polluted rivers in Penang on August 8 in a move to resuscitate aquatic life.

Almost 300 people from governmental bodies, organisations and the private sector took part in the workshop. It was a joint effort by the state government, EM technology consultancy Em AdminS and supplying company Jamof Sdn Bhd.

The workshop was part of the "A Million Apologies to Mother Earth" bio-remedial campaign, aimed at producing one million mudballs to clean up Penang's rivers.

In this event, Dr. Teruo Higa, who is the inventor of EM also invited as a key note speaker.

For more information,

please contact our EM distributor in Malaysia.

No.8, Jalan Kemajuan, Batu 24,
Taman Industri Kota Tinggi,
81900 Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia
(Tel) 607-8828997
(Fax) 607-8824997

Friday, July 24, 2009


A cat fish farm in Kota Tinngi, located in close proximity to the EM Factory of JAMOF, in Johor, Malaysia is owned by Mr. Shaharum. The farm is 4 acres in extent and has 20 cages, each cage of dimensions 1 x 2 1 m. The farm purchases fingerlings from the market and grows them up to a mean weight of 150 g and then resells them in about 12 weeks.

The success of the farm is the use of EM. The water in the cages is changed once a month, and during this process they add EM to obtain a dilution of 1:1000 or 5000. The foul odor that was present in earlier times is now absent and the fish have less disease, grow well and of excellent quality and taste. Thus this catfish fish are now famous and has a very high demand and the suppliers are unable to meet the demand.

Sunday, July 19, 2009

Palm oil In Thailand

Palm Oil

Palm oil is an important crop in Thailand – However it has many problems, among with the low price of oil is a prominent factor affecting is productivity and profitability. On the other hand, the high prices of fertilizers are driving plantations to use less and less, thus lowering yield. Plantations are now trying to develop alternative systems of fertilization for improving crop yields at a lower cost and EM is used in many instances. We are pleased to present a case study of the use of EM, where hormones are fermented with EM and applied for greater efficacy.

I. The cultivation process

1.1 Land preparation
- The planting hole is made in well developed and prepared soil.
- If soil quality is poor, a planting hole of dimensions 50 x 50 x 50 cm is prepared and organic matter such as leaves and animal manure is added to fill half the hole. Into this, add 1 – 2 handfuls of well prepared bokashi, spray EM (activated) ad a dilution of 1:1000, and allow it to ferment for 7 – 8 days after mixing. Planting is done thereafter.

1.2 Crop Establishment

- When planting the roots need to be well covered by soil in the planting hole.
- The area around the plant is mulched with grass and plant debris to protect it from emerging weeds
- Soon after planting, the plant is sprayed with EM (activated) at a dilution of 1:1000 to wet the soil.

1.3 Crop Maintenance

- To each plant 1 – 2 handfuls of bokashi is added once a month and EM sprayed in the same manner. In order to enhance the efficacy of EM, please mix the EM with solutions such as EM 5, EM rice rinse water and EM fermented fish extracts.

Please note – Organic matter is essential for oil palm plants if chemical fertilizers are to be withdrawn for cost reasons. Furthermore, EM also needs organic mater.
Please spray EM and EM 5 at dilutions of 1:1000.
Remove any weeds around the plants and use them as mulches to cover soil or mix them into the soil after spraying with EM. This will accelerate the decomposition processes.

Friday, July 17, 2009

APNAN’s demonstration on Nature Farming.

An experiment was developed to test the efficacy of Nature Farming using the vegetable Quin Ging Cai (Brassica rapa var. chinensis). The experiment laid three rows of this crop as three treatments. The picture shows the species and the three rows.


The treatments of the three lines will be as follows –Row A will be supplied with EM Bokashi, EMAS and EMFPE, which the standard operations carried out at the Sara Buri Nature Farming Center. The row B in the center will be developed using the special EM FPE promoted by Professor Dr Higa. Row C will be the control with no additives.

The picture depicts the three rows of the experiment, located in front of the main building of the Sara Buri Center, which has been using promoting Nature Farming for over 20 years. APNAN has developed this trial on this site.

At first weeds were removed from the rows manually. The ladyon the right is our advisor and is well versed in Nature Farming. The blue bucket contains the special EM FPE developed by Professor Higa, which is used in Row B

The prepared rows are seen in this picture. All the weeds were removed and bokashi was applied to Row A at a rate of 500 g/sq.meter. In addition rice husk was applied to all plots at the same rate as bokashi. Please note that Row A is on the left of this picture and in the center is Row B while the row C is on the far right.


Monday, July 13, 2009


APNAN visited a pumpkin and sweet corn farm in Ayr, Australia during their last visit to Kangaroo land, in the company of our contact Mr. Ken Bellamy of VRM fame. The farm, which has some 3000 acres (1400 ha) grows pumpkins, sweet corn, feed corn for livestock, wood melons, Navy beans and Sunflowers, and the farm is managed by the Hasleton family with a total labor force of FOUR people!!

Crop growth on the farm is excellent due to EM! The Pumpkin leaves are large and dark green, the bananas well developed with no pests and diseases – The sweet corn has high sugar content – all because of a pumpkin solution applied with EM!!
The EM is added with molasses to the pulped pumpkin flesh along with some nutrients, this promotes crop growth of both roots and shoots by acting as a fertilizer and also prevents the incidence of pests and diseases
The farm had sold this solution to a banana plantation – with the use of 6 liters of the solution per ha once a fortnight, the growth of the banana plants was luxurious and the crop was disease free.
Mr. Max Haselton who is owner of this Pumpkin farm met Mr. Ken Bellamy around 7 years ago. Today they are great friends because their target is same, which is the preservation of the environment and growing of healthy food crops in an ecological and environmentally friendly manner through Nature Farming and EM.

Friday, July 10, 2009


A farer in the Union of Myanmar has been cultivating mushrooms for a long time. Although he obtained excellent crops, the disposal of the waste was a significant problem. Thus they started using EM from 2007 on a trial and error basis to solve this problem, which was fast becoming an environmental hazard.

The farmer uses many materials to develop the mushroom beds – These include rice straw, cotton waste, cotton seed husks, neem seeds

, sugar cane waste, horse manure, Rock Phosphate, bone meal, bird manure, lime and gypsum. These materials are composted to get the medium which has Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium in the ratios of 6-7:5:5 N;P;K.

The innovation that was developed was to spray activated EM and molasses at a dilution of 1:20 to wet the residual mixture prior to fermenting under anaerobic conditions by covering with a plastic sheet. The process takes some 4 months and after fermentation, the compost is granulated using home made equipment with an old car tire.

Due to this innovation, the farmer has had much success by reducing the smell and also by selling this superior compost which was fermented with EM. Thus he has now shifted his operation from cultivating mushrooms to making organic fertilizers!! We ar

e told that now the farmer sells some 1000 Kg of fermented compost per month, whereas in earlier times, no one would take his waste material.

This is success with EM – where waste is turned into money through EM technology!!

mushroom bed (oyster mushroom)

EM product Their factory and thier advertisement

How to prepare EM Activated Solution (EMAS)

Materials % of the total volume for 100 little

EM1     5%          5 little

Molasses    5%           5little

Clean water    90%  90little

Process of preparation

1. Mix molasses and EM in water

2. Pour the mixture into a clean plastic container or drum, close tightly and keep in a warm place.

*A suitable temperature for fermentation is from 30 to 40.

3. From about second day on, gas may form as a result of the fermentation process. Loosen the cap to release gas generated a few times during the fermentation process.

4. EMAS is ready to use, 7-10 days after preparing it. When the pH of the solution drops below 4.0(ideally it has a pH around 3.5) and when it has a sweet –sour smell like EM1 and has changed color from black to reddish brown.

*There is a wide range of variations of EMAS as a result of fermentation due to materials and conditions.